Unfortunately, cancer is one of the diseases of the modern age that we cannot get rid of… There are many types of cancer. One of them is skin cancer. Skin cancers are seen all over the world, especially due to climate changes and the increase in UV rays and chemicals released into the air. Did you know that skin cancer, which is one of the fastest growing cancer types, emerges by giving some signals in our body? One of them is an increase in the number of moles in our body. So what are the other symptoms of skin cancer? What exactly is skin cancer? How is it treated? Radiation Oncology Specialist Dr. We learned from Züleyha Kadehçi.
WHAT IS SKIN CANCER?
Skin cancer is a malignant growth on the skin for many reasons. Skin cancer, which occurs with the development of skin cells above the usual, has reached statistically frightening dimensions with its different types and increasing numbers. Pollution, ultraviolet rays and changing diet are the most valuable factors in skin cancer, which is one of the most dangerous diseases of the modern world, reaching frightening dimensions.
WHAT ARE SKIN CANCER TYPES?
Melanoma skin cancer: Although it is not seen as often, it is the most rapidly progressing skin cancer. It is a type of cancer that starts in the cells that give the skin its color. Because cells in melanoma skin cancer continue to produce color, tumors often appear in the form of brown, dark patches. Melonoma skin cancer can spread to all organs by progressing on existing or later emerging moles. In men, in the neck and back regions; Melanoma skin cancer, which is common in the legs, neck and face in women, can be treated if detected early, but its rapid spread may interrupt the treatment process.
Basal cell carcinoma: It is the most common type of skin cancer. It mostly occurs in areas exposed to the sun. Basal cell carcinomas, although crusty, are invasive. It can be flat, hard and light-colored, or it can be bumpy, pink or red.
Squamous cell carcinoma: It ranks second in incidence after basal cell carcinoma. It generally has a scaly and crusty appearance. It starts on the face, ears, on the hands and arms. However, it can also be seen on other parts of the body that are exposed to the sun.
SYMPTOMS OF SKIN CANCER
The findings of skin cancers show themselves most in the places where the sun’s ultraviolet rays hit. This mostly affects the face, chest, arms and hands. The most common symptoms are as follows;
Exfoliation on the skin, pigment changes, wounds that do not heal and do not heal, bleeding or leakage on the skin, itching, pain, sensitivity on the skin, rapidly increasing number of moles, various types of moles, factors causing skin cancer; Ultraviolet rays, which damage the DNA of skin cells and lead to the onset of skin cancer,
Just as with ultraviolet rays, UVA rays, which damage the skin, accelerate aging and are among the causes of many types of skin cancer, UVB rays that damage the DNA of the skin and are behind skin cancers, radiation exposure for a specific reason, numerous moles on the skin, congenital to have moles, to have light skin and freckled skin, to go to the solarium for a long time, to be exposed to radiation therapy used for the treatment of various diseases, to have individuals with skin cancer in the family.
HOW IS IT TREATED?
The aim in the treatment of skin cancer is to get rid of the cancerous tissue completely. Surgical procedures applied at this point achieve high success. Surgical routes are not the only type of treatment. Depending on the individual and the characteristics of the tumor tissue, treatment options may increase. Especially the basal cell cancer type can be treated very successfully with radiotherapy. In the treatment of small tumors, the cryosurgery procedure can be used. Local chemotherapy in the form of cream or lotion can also be applied as a practical treatment method in superficial skin cancers.
IS IT POSSIBLE TO PROTECT FROM SKIN CANCERS?
Although skin cancers occur due to many different reasons, the effect of the sun and its harmful rays cannot be denied. For this reason, the basic principle of protection techniques is to be protected from the sun. According to this;
Direct exposure to the sun means that harmful rays come into direct contact with the skin. In this case, it is necessary to apply high-protection sunscreen and refresh it frequently during the day, protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses that block at least 99% UV rays. At this point, you should determine the choice of sunglasses according to health norms, not according to the passing trends of fashion,
Take care not to go out in the middle of 10:00 – 16:00, when the sun’s rays are at their strongest. If you need to go out, choose light-colored, cotton clothes.
Stay away from the solarium. Inspect your skin systematically and definitely notify your physician of any changes you observe.