These conditions, such as aging, smoking, being overweight due to obesity, trigger yellow spot disease! One of the most obvious features of macular degeneration, which is assumed to affect 30-50 million people in the world, is the inability to see in the middle of where the person is looking. Eye Health and Diseases Specialist from Batıgöz Health Group, Op. Dr. Mehmet Söyler gave information about yellow spot disease. What is yellow spot disease? Who gets yellow spot disease, what are the treatment and symptoms? Here is everything you wonder about yellow spot disease on appleelma.com!
Obesity Triggers Yellow Spot Disease!
Advanced age, smoking, obesity, systemic diseases, and lack of necessary nutrients trigger macular degeneration. Fish twice a week, plenty of walnuts and green foods protect from yellow spot disease.
It Affects 30-50 Million People Around the World!
Yellow spot disease or macular degeneration is one of the most important causes of irreversible vision loss today. It is claimed to affect approximately 30-50 million people in the world population. The disease is divided into two clusters. Age-related macular degeneration constitutes 10 percent of all cases, and 90 percent of all cases of dry type age-related macular degeneration, in which vision gradually decreases over many years. Some 10-20 percent of those with dry type age-related macular degeneration may progress to the wet type over time.
Who Gets Yellow Spot Disease?
It is known to be genetically inherited, with a high rate of 71 percent, and environmental factors are known to play a role in 29 percent. Advanced age, smoking, obesity, systemic diseases, and lack of dietary intake of essential nutrients are some of the risk factors. Lack of dietary vitamins C, D, E, trace minerals selenium, zinc, copper, magnesium and antioxidants such as beta carotene, cryptoxanthin, lutein and zeaxanthin; plays a role in the appearance of yellow spot disease. Healthy individuals over the age of 55 should be advised to avoid sunlight, quit smoking, systematically train, control weight, blood pressure and cholesterol, reduce fat and sugar, consume dark green leafy vegetables, walnuts, fruits and fish 1-2 times a week. In advanced dry type yellow spot disease, heavy antioxidant supplementation is required.
What Are the Symptoms of Yellow Spot Disease?
In yellow spot disease; The main complaint of the patient is difficulty in seeing the middle of where he is looking or the complete loss of the image. In the early stages of the disease, especially broken or curved straight lines, blackouts, and decreased image quality are common patient complaints.
Are There Types of Yellow Spot Disease?
Age-related macular degeneration has two types: wet type and dry type. ‘ dry type ‘ is the more common form and has been shown to be genetically transmitted. ‘ age type ‘, although less common, progresses with a more rapid loss of vision. There is fluid or bleeding in the retina where there is a wet yellow spot, and this causes a rapid and significant loss of vision. The possibility of the dry type yellow spot disease returning to the wet type over time is a matter of theology.The dry type is seen in about 80 percent of patients and this is the best type because it progresses slowly and by drying out the tissue.
Does Dry Type Yellow Spot Disease Convert to Wet Type?
The possibility of the dry type yellow spot disease returning to the wet type over time is a word of talk. Age type is the name given when new vessels are formed. When the age returns to the type, the patient’s complaints of distorted and crooked vision increase significantly. Fractures in straight lines become clearly noticeable. There are crooked, pitted, convex vision complaints. There may be minor or major vision complaints. A faster progression can be seen when the age returns to the type. Fortunately, it occurs in as few as 20 percent of patients.
Early Diagnosis is Important in Yellow Spot Disease!
In the treatment of wet macular degeneration, the most commonly used treatment in recent years is intraocular anti-VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) injections. These prevent the formation of new vessels that lead to bleeding and fluid accumulation. Achieving appropriate results from the treatment can be possible with early diagnosis and diagnosis, compliance with the treatment and regular inspections.
Smoking Triggers Obesity!
1. Lose weight and control your blood pressure
Poor blood circulation due to hypertension can also restrict blood flow to the eyes. Losing weight is the smoothest proven way to lower blood pressure.
2. Quit smoking
Smoking can double a person’s risk of developing age-related macular degeneration. The sooner you give up, the better.
3. Take care of your family history
People with first-degree relatives with macular degeneration are at a much higher risk of developing this disease. Those who have this disease in their family should be more careful if they start to see wavy lines.
4. Consume green leafy vegetables
Fill your plate with all the green vegetables, as well as spinach, kale, and chard. These nutrients help protect against cellular damage that can contribute to eye disease.
5. Get support
Taking vitamins in macular degeneration is not a treatment, but it can slow the progression of the disease.
6. Use summer-winter sunglasses
Sunglasses provide protection from UV and blue light that can cause retinal damage. The American Macular Degeneration Foundation recommends using your sunglasses labeled ‘UV 400’ in summer and winter.